(WIPO code: ML) (latest review September 2021)

by CABINET ISIS CONSEILS, Mandataire OAPI, Yaoundé, Cameroon

General Information

Area

1,240,190 sq. km.

Population

20,137,527 (estimated July 2021).

Capital

Bamako.

Official language

French.

Currency

C.F.A. franc.

Main agricultural and natural products

Grains, sugar cane, cotton, farming.

Main Mineral Products

Gold.

Main Exports

Grains, shea butter, cotton, livestock.

GNI

(per capita): U.S.$ 830 (estimated 2020).

General Remarks

Mali was formerly the French colony of French Sudan, a part of French West Africa. It obtained its internal administrative autonomy and became a member of the French Community in 1958 and later achieved its full independence on September 22, 1960.

The country is poor in natural resources and a vast portion of it comprises the Sahara Desert, leaving only approximately 2% of the land suitable for cultivation. Drought conditions during the past few years are seriously affecting the economy.

Mali is a republic.