(last revised December 2020)

by ELZABURU, Madrid, Spain


– Regulation (EC) No. 733/2002 of the European Parliament and of the Council of April 22, 2002, on the implementation of the .eu top-level domain.
– Commission Regulation (EC) No. 874/2004 of April 28, 2004, laying down public policy rules concerning the implementation and functions of the .eu top-level domain and the principles governing registration, with amendments. Also amended by Commission Regulation (EU) No. 2015/516 of March 26, 2015, by Commission Regulation (EC) No. 560/2009 of June 26, 2009, by Commission Regulation (EC) No. 1255/2007 of October 25, 2007 and by Commission Regulation (EC) No. 1654/2005 of October 10, 2005.
– .eu Alternative Dispute Resolution Rules and Supplemental Rules (available at: https://eu.adr.eu/html/en/adr/adr_rules/ADR_rules.pdf).
– Regulation (EU) 2019/517 of the European Parliament and of the Council of March 19, 2019 on the implementation and functioning of the .eu top-level domain name and amending and repealing Regulation (EC) No. 733/2002 and repealing Commission Regulation (EC) No. 874/2004. Except for the eligibility criteria for registering a .eu domain name, this Regulation will enter into force on October 13, 2022.


Country code top-level domain name: .eu 

Second-level domains: registrable solely by the member States in the form of geographic or geopolitical names that affect their political or territorial organization following notification of the said names to the Commission. The second-level domain .europa.eu has been reserved for EU institution sites. The 27 countries forming the European Union (EU) are, at present: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, and Sweden.

Remark on IP implications of the U.K.’s referendum vote of June 23, 2016 to leave the European Union: on January 29, 2020, the United Kingdom and the European Union ratified the Withdrawal Agreement. Accordingly, the United Kingdom left the European Union on January 31, 2020. There is a transition period running from February 1, 2020 to December 31, 2020. During this period, all European Union legal texts on intellectual property matters will apply as usual, therefore, U.K. citizens and residents will be eligible for holding and registering a .eu domain name. After the transition period, U.K. citizens and residents will no longer comply with the .eu regulatory framework, so they will not be able to (1) register new .eu domain names; (2) maintain .eu domain names registered before Brexit. Holders of .eu domain names who no longer comply with .eu eligibility requirements, will be notified by EURid and will be given the possibility to demonstrate their compliance with this framework. As of January 1, 2021, any .eu domain name held by a U.K. citizen or resident who did not demonstrate their eligibility will be deemed as withdrawn. Regarding .eu domain names which are on hold as they are subject-matter to a pending case before the courts, they will remain registered until a decision is rendered but its status will be "suspended". EURid will carry out a case-by-case analysis of the eligibility of any .eu domain name holder whose domain name is suspended at the time of Brexit.

Applicant: individuals and legal entities. 

Restriction as to nationality – local presence: “.eu” domain names may be registered through any accredited “.eu” Registrar upon request by (1) European Union citizens, independently of their place of residence; (2) a natural person who is not a European Union citizen and who is a resident of a Member State; (3) an undertaking that is established in the European Union; or (4) an organisation that is established in the European Union, without prejudice to the application of national law.

Domestic trademark right: not required for obtaining domain name registration. 

Domain name can be registered as a trademark: yes.

Registration, Protection

Duration: one to ten years.

Renewal/maintenance: one to ten years, renewable. 

Dispute about ownership: to be brought before the national courts.

Uniform dispute resolution procedure: domain name disputes with regard to speculative and abusive domain names can be solved through the .eu Alternative Dispute Resolution Rules (which is a WIPO variation of the UDRP procedure) with the WIPO Arbitration and Mediation Center or the Czech Arbitration Court. For further details please see: https://eurid.eu/en/register-a-eu-domain/domain-name-disputes

Registration Authority

Authority name: EURid. 

Internet address: https://eurid.eu