(WIPO code: PL) (last revised January 2020)

by POLSERVICE, Warsaw – A. Stopinska-Slefarska and A. Slominska-Dziubek, Patent Attorneys

General Information


312,623 sq. km.


37,980,000 (estimated August 2019).


Warsaw, with about 1.8 million inhabitants.




Zlotys (PLN); 1 U.S. dollar = about 3.87 zlotys; 1 euro = about 4.29 zlotys (December 2019).

Principal imports

Machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods and articles, chemicals and mineral fuels.

Principal exports

Machinery and transport equipment, miscellaneous manufactured articles, food and live animals.

General Remarks

About 35% of the population is engaged in agriculture. The chief crops are: rye, wheat, barley, rapeseed, oats, potatoes, sugar beet, tobacco and flax.

There are important textile, chemical, woodwork and metal industries. Poland also produces automobiles, tractors, heavy machinery, ships and aircrafts.

Poland possesses great mineral wealth, particularly coal, but also iron, lignite, copper, natural gas, lead, sulphur and zinc.

Member of the European Union as of May 1, 2004.


Statistics (2018) Filed Issued
Patents and utility models 5,344 3,796
total valid patents and utility models on 31.12.2018   21,806
Validation of European patents 11,636
total valid EU patents on 31.12.2018   64,366
Trademarks 13,667 11,400
under Madrid Agreement 2,809 2,507
total valid trademarks on 31.12.2018    
under national procedure   149,807
under international procedure   83,311
Industrial designs 1,084 951
total valid industrial designs on 31.12.2018   8,476
Topographies of integrated circuits 10 20
total valid topographies on 31.12.2018   40
Geographical indications