(WIPO code: GB) (last revised July 2020)

by MURGITROYD, Glasgow

General Information


243,600 sq. km.


65,761,117 (estimated July 2020).


London, with approx. 9.304 million inhabitants (estimated 2020).




One pound sterling (GBP) = U.S. dollar 1.32 or EUR 1.18 (December 2019).

The most important exports

Include mineral fuels and oils and products of their distillation; electrical machinery and equipment; vehicles (other than railway); nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; pharmaceutical products; organic chemicals; plastics; medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; aerospace and defense products; beverages and services such as finance; information technology and entertainment.

General Remarks

Remark on IP implications of the U.K.’s referendum vote of June 23, 2016 to leave the European Union (“Brexit”): the U.K. left the EU on January 31, 2020. There is a transition period, presently expected to end on December 31, 2020 to negotiate the terms of the withdrawal and implement the changes involved. Holders of EU Trademarks (EUTMs) and Registered Community Designs (RCDs) which are granted and published before the end of the transition period will be granted equivalent U.K. registrations automatically. The U.K.'s exit from the EU will not affect the current European patent system, which is governed by the (non-EU) European Patent Convention. The U.K. will continue to be a contracting State of the EPC.